Maybe we should start with the very important fact that almond isn't actually among nuts. It's actually a fruit seed of an almond tree. Like, for example, cherry, peach, and dates. These are fruits with a pit that has a pulp membrane on the outside and a pit inside.
So what are almonds?
Well, real nuts have a solid outside shell (as in oak or chestnut). Almonds are classified under the nuts group, so the classification matches almonds’ use in some different types of dishes that contain almonds, and thus almond is properly classified as a member of the nuts family with almonds presented in some food recipes. However, no matter what the almond is classified or called, it doesn’t matter. What’s important is that the almond is delicious and nutritious.
Investment of almond cultivation in Spain:
Spain is famous for being the world leader in almond cultivation, with almond plantations in Spain covering vast areas of the country. Spain also has a very suitable climate for planting this tree,
Not to mention the innovative and modern system of managed farms in Spain, which uses the latest agricultural methods at all. Most investors seek to enter this type of agricultural investment, which is characterized by high returns on investors and a lack of risks to capital or marketing the product globally. Therefore, investors in managed almond farms are fully aware that their investment is an investment that does not know failure or decline.
A distinction can be made between two types of almonds, almond with soft shell, produced mainly in California, and almond with hard shell, like the Spanish types Marcona and Desmayo, or many of the types produced in Portugal.
Different types of almonds can be distinguished by their taste and uses. For example, “sweet almonds” which are consumed as dry fruit, may have soft or hard shells; “bitter almonds” have a strong bitter taste because of a glycoside called amygdalin (this glycoside disappears completely in sweet almonds when it ripens). It’s used in the food industry and managed farms to get oils, for example.
In Italy, varieties are classified according to their original location: those which come from Apulia and from Sicily, the major almond trees production sites in Italy. Apulia’s types are Tono, Filippo Sio, Ginko, Christomorto, Fraguoliot, Rachel, etc The Sicilian types are d “Avola Pizzuta, Fasciuneddu, Romana, Avola R. 40, Cavaliera and Bonifacio n 1.
In California, the biggest production is soft almond.
Some of the varieties from oldest to newest are Nonpareil, IXL, Ne Plus Ultra, Texas, Davey, Tardy Nonpareil, Thompson, Ballico, Merced, Ruby, Carmel, Butte, Price, etc. Some of them are the result of interspecific crosses, that is, hybrid.
Mollar de Tarragona
It has a big seed; the almond seed is broad, which is more or less dark brown, a little hard. The tree’s production capacity is 40-43%.
The product in Spain
It’s one of the varieties of almonds. It has a very large seed, round in shape and slightly rough. Production capacity is up to 25-28%. It has no double fruits.
This type blossoms at the beginning of March and last ripens at the beginning of October. Its origin is from the province of Alicante (Spain).
This tree grows slowly. There are several local types in the Spanish regions, the most famous of which is Desmayo Rojo. It’s a long, pointed almond, smooth with hard shell, marketed under the name “Larguetas”. It blooms very early and ripens very late.
It is grown in the Ibru Valley, from Zaragoza to Taragona, and in the provinces adjacent to Lereda and Teruel (Spain).