Agriculture is at the forefront of almost all pressing global challenges
Hunger levels have continued to rise over the past five years. Approximately 690 million people sleep hungry every night. This is not to mention that COVID-19 could also drive an additional 130 million people to hunger by the end of 2020 unless precautionary measures are taken, according to the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). This is why food production and agriculture are important: They provide the livelihood for more people in the world than any other sector.
Improving agricultural productive capacity in developing countries through increasing productivity is an important political goal as agriculture is an important sector of the economy. The agricultural sector provides livelihoods, directly and indirectly, for a large portion of the population in all developing countries, especially in rural areas, where poverty is more pronounced. Thus, the growing agricultural sector contributes to both inclusive growth and poverty alleviation.
In the context of growth in food and agriculture, the emphasis is placed on productivity because the expansion of arable land is very limited in most countries due to physical lack of suitable land and / or due to environmental priorities. In addition, the difference between the actual and technically feasible production capacity of most crops holds great potential for increasing food and agricultural production through improving productivity, even without further technological advances.
Agricultural products are usually measured by weight or volume. An immediate question arises about the best way to combine different agricultural products because the sum of the weights or volumes is not very meaningful. One approach when dealing with crops is to convert them into a common physical unit, such as units of wheat. More commonly, GDP in agriculture is measured in monetary units such as the sum of the value of all production in the agricultural sector minus the value of intermediate inputs generated within the agricultural sector. Monetary and non-cash transactions (barter, trade and self-consumption) for contributing products should be included. This is referred to as the “final product” and it differs from agricultural GDP by not subtracting the value of non-agricultural inputs. In other words, final product is the amount of agricultural output available to the rest of the economy, while agricultural GDP measures the net contribution of agriculture to a country’s GDP.
An investment is the change in fixed inputs used in the production process. In the narrowest definition, investment is the change in the stock of physical capital, that is, tangible inputs that have a useful life of one year or more (land, equipment, machinery, storage facilities, livestock)
Economists recognize that although difficult to measure, an inclusive agricultural investment measure must include improvements in land, natural resource development, human and social capital development as well as physical capital formation. Human capital is the storehouse of knowledge, experience, or managerial ability. Since it is directly influenced by educational, training, and counseling institutions, variables such as level of education or indicative contacts are often used as alternative metrics. Public and private expenditures on research and development are often used to express the level of human capital as well
Investment in the agricultural sector
There is no better asset to own than assets that increase in value in the long run and keep pace with inflation. What if you could invest in something tangible that produces benefits for society? According to one study, food is one of the last things people want to cut out of their budget. The population is only increasing, and with it the demand for goods is also increasing. Investing in agriculture means supporting industry and lifestyle, keeping farmers in agriculture, and keeping your investment safer than it will be on the stock market.
As technology advances, we have seen the agriculture sector decline. This decline should not be viewed in this way. Most families pass their farms down from generation to generation, and farming is an acquired skill that many people do not possess.
Supporting farmers means that they do not have to risk foreclosure from the bank that some investors in other sectors loom over their heads. Agricultural investment provides capital to farmers to increase their returns and productivity. This means that agricultural investment helps finance farmers’ access to the inputs or equipment they need to make their crops as abundant as possible.
Agriculture is more sustainable than the stock market
When you invest in agriculture, you are investing in a piece of physical land. This land is only valued, unlike shares in companies.
Investing in agriculture is usually a long-term venture. Returns vary depending not only on commodity prices, but on how much and how quickly the land is valued. Depending on the location of the farm, current commodity prices and other factors, returns on investment range from 8-9% for commodity-based land, or 10-15% for specialty crops. Since agricultural investments are long-term, they can be set up to remain in the investor’s family and passed on to future generations. Agricultural investments can be valued indefinitely.
Keeping farms in an active and efficient state
Investment in agriculture keeps people fed and clothed. We all need food. All studies indicate that the amount of food, especially protein, that people eat every day is steadily increasing. Meanwhile, some experts fear that soil will become a scarce commodity at the rate of population consumption.
Another thing to consider is eating clean food and local food. People are becoming more selective in the food they eat. Restaurants and markets with a rich farm table are very popular today, and even more so if they’re local. Knowing that the burgers you eat comes from a farm five miles away, in our community, is very appealing to the consumer.
In many ways, investing in agriculture can be a powerful and fruitful venture. Agricultural land itself is a useful and tangible thing. Agriculture produces tangible results that can be directly related to the success of the farm and where it is headed in the future. By investing in a farm, you are investing in the success of a community and securing a plot of land that will increase in value year after year.